Short summary of 1857 Revolution

Main Causes for the Revolution of 1857

1. Economic Causes :-

  • Heavy taxation under new revenue system
  • Summary evictions
  • Discriminatory tariff policy against Indian Products
  • Destruction of traditional handicraft industries
  • Absence of industrialisation by which peasants , artisans and small zamindars could get benefit

2. Political Causes :-

  • Greedy policies to increase the British power
  • British interference in socio-religious affairs of Indian public

3. Military Causes :-

  • Discontent among sepoys for economic , psychological and religious resaons


Places of Revoltution and Freedom Fighters associated with it

Delhi General Bakht Khan
Kanpur Nana Saheb
Lucknow Begum Hazrat Mahal
Bareily Khan Bahadur
Bihar Kunwar Singh
Faizabad Maulvi Ahmadullah
Jhansi Rani Laxmi Bai


Resistance by British Officers

Delhi Lieutenant Willoughby , John Nicholson , Lieutenant Hudson
Kanpur Sir Hugh Wheeler , Sir Colin Campbell
Lucknow Henry Lawrence , Brigadier Inglis , Henry Havelock , James Outram , Sir Colin Campbell
Jhansi Sir Hugh Rose
Banaras Colonel James Neil

Main Causes of Failure of Revolution of 1857

  • Limited territorial and social base
  • Crucial support to certain sections of Indian public to British Authorities
  • Lack of resources as compared to those of the British
  • Lack of coordination and a central leadership
  • Lack of coherent ideology and a political perspective