Bali Declaration-Rohingya Muslims Crisis
India has refused to be a part of Bali Declaration adopted at conclusion of World Parliamentary Forum on Sustainable Development held in Bali, Indonesia to show of solidarity with Myanmar. It was not adopted because it carried “inappropriate” reference to violence in Rakhine State from where 1,25,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh and was not in line with agreed global principles of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). What is Bali Declaration-Rohingya Muslims Crisis
Who are Rohingya People?
The Rohingya people historically also termed Arakanese Indians are a stateless Indo-Aryan people from Rakhine State, Myanmar. There were an estimated 1 million Rohingya living in Myanmar before the 2016–17 crisis. The majority are Muslim while a minority are Hindu. Described by the United Nations in 2013 as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world, the Rohingya population are denied citizenship under the 1982 Myanmar nationality law.
According to Human Rights Watch, the 1982 laws “effectively deny to the Rohingya the possibility of acquiring a nationality. Despite being able to trace Rohingya history to the 8th century, Myanmar law does not recognize the ethnic minority as one of the eight “national races”. They are also restricted from freedom of movement, state education and civil service jobs. The legal conditions faced by the Rohingya in Myanmar have been compared with Apartheid.
The Rohingyas have faced military crackdowns in 1978, 1991–1992, 2012, 2015 and 2016–2017. UN officials and HRW have described Myanmar’s persecution of the Rohingya as ethnic cleansing. The UN human rights envoy to Myanmar reported “the long history of discrimination and persecution against the Rohingya community could amount to crimes against humanity,” and there have been warnings of an unfolding genocide. Yanghee Lee, the UN special investigator on Myanmar, believes the country wants to expel its entire Rohingya population.
What is Bali Declaration-Rohingya Muslims Crisis
What declaration says?
According to the declaration, many parts of Asia and the Pacific continue to suffer from high fertility, high infant and maternal mortality rates, rapid urbanization and lack of adequate education and health care. Estimates show our that the population growth in the region Will increase by 900 million by the year 2010, with the most growth occurring in South Asia and in the region’s least developed countries. Four- fifths of the population growth in the region during the 1990’s will take place in urban areas.
The Bali Declaration proposes a number of goals and policies recommendations for consideration by national policy makers. lt. sets specific targets for countries with rapid population growth to reduce their fertility rates to 2.2 children per woman, to reduce infant mortality rates to 4 0 per 1,000 live births, and to reduce by half maternal deaths by the year 2010.
The Declaration recognizes that rapid population growth, changes in demographic structure and uneven population distribution impose pressures and constraints on social and economic development efforts, the environment and natural resources. Governments are urged to implement programmes which promote greater harmony among population, resources, environment and development.
Issues including urbanization, migration, family planning and maternal and child health, population an human resources development, women and population, poverty alleviation, mortality and morbidity, aging, population data, research and information dissemination and resource mobilization are also addressed in the Declaration.
Measures to improve the status, role and participation of women, the Declaration states must be given high priority, because “women have a fundamental right to enjoy equality with men in all aspects of life and because women play a critical role in, and must fully participate in, the sustainable development process.”
Source- wikipedia & UN